Paper, love it or hate it, we all use it on a daily basis.
The word “paper” is derived from papyrus, Ancient Greek for the Cyperus papyrus plant. Papyrus is a thick, paper-like material produced from the pith of the Cyperus papyrus plant which was used in ancient Egypt and other Mediterranean societies for writing long before paper was used in China.
There was no real competitor to Papyrus until, in AD 105, a Chinese court official called Ts’ai Lun invented paper. With the introduction of paper making into Egypt, the production of Papyrus rapidly declined, and eventually stopped. Papyrus was cultivated and used for writing material by Egyptians until the eighth and ninth centuries A.D. When paper from other plant fibres were utilized. By the third century A.D. the less expensive vellum, or parchment, had begun to replace papyrus in Europe.
Paper is considered one of the ancient China’s ‘Four Great Inventions’ alongside the compass, gunpowder and printing. Paper was soon widely used in China and spread all over the world.
Over the centuries paper improved so much that there is a wide variety of different types of paper of various thicknesses, textures and colours. Paper has become a great necessity of one’s everyday life; think books and toilet paper!
Various types of paper are used when printing and the final product will determine what paper, type of printing and finishing processes are required.
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